Covid 19: Update on new legislation and temporary Covid Information Officer service

Date of Meeting:

3 December 2020

Report of:

Executive Lead Officer for Strategy, Governance &

Law (Monitoring Officer)

Contact Officer:


Elizabeth Culbert


01273 291515



Ward(s) affected:





By reason of the special circumstances, and in accordance with section 100B(4)(b) of

the 1972 Act, the Chair of the meeting has been consulted and is of the opinion that this

item should be considered at the meeting as a matter of urgency for the following

reason: given the rapid developments in legislation and guidance in relation to Coronavirus and the Council needs to urgently consider its delegations and actions in relation to the enforcement of regulations.


Note: The special circumstances for non-compliance with Council Procedure Rule 3,

Access to Information Procedure Rule 5 and Section 100B(4) of the Local

Government Act 1972 (as amended), (items not considered unless the agenda is

open to inspection at least five days in advance of the meeting) were that the

report had to be compiled at short notice having regard to national developments.





1.1         The report outlines the legal and constitutional framework that is in place to cover any enforcement action undertaken by the Council pursuant to both existing and new Covid19 related Regulations and seeks the Committeeís agreement to amend existing delegations and enforcement authorisation mechanism.


1.2         The report also explains the role of temporary Covid Information Officers who will be appointed using government funding to provide advice and assistance to residents and businesses in relation to compliance with Covid19 Regulations.


1.3         This report is the arrangements for enforcement, in particular changes to the scheme of delegations to officers and does not deal with the general policy or the Councilís approach to tackling the pandemic.


2.†††††††† RECOMMENDATIONS:††††


2.1         That Committee approves the amended delegations to the Executive Director of Health and Adult Social Care as set out at Appendix 1 to the report (the new section inserted is in paragraph 6 and shown in bold italics);


2.2         That Committee notes the updated information relating to the role of temporary Covid Information Officers as set out in the report.




3.1         Since the outbreak of the pandemic, a number of legislative measures have been introduced under the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 and the Coronavirus Act 2000 giving local authorities various enforcement powers. Most of these required enforcement to be undertaken by officers authorised or designated by the Council. As and when new legislation is introduced, the Council reviews these arrangements to ensure that they are current and make any changes.


3.2         Existing arrangements Ė On 31 March 2020 this Committee approved the designation of the following officers as enforcement officers for the purposes of the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) Regulations 2020: -


         Regulatory services managers

         Environmental Health Officers

         Senior Licensing Officer

         Technical Officers in Environmental Health and Licensing Team

         Trading Standards officers

         Fair Trading Officers

         Highways Enforcement Officers

         Field Officers

         Seafront Team


3.3         Committee further agreed that the Head of Safer Communities should oversee the operation of the enforcement work and may issue guidance and provide training and templates to ensure efficient discharge of the functions and ensure appropriate professional standards and quality control.


3.4         On 22nd October 2020, full Council approved a number of updates to the Councilís Constitution to reflect changes brought into force by the following specific Regulations;-


         The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (No. 2) (England) Regulations 2020

         The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) (No.3) Regulations 2020

         The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (Obligations of Hospitality Undertakings) (England) Regulations 2020

         The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Collection of Contact Details etc and Related Requirements) Regulations 2020.


3.5         The measures covered by the above Regulations include:- enforcement of restrictions on opening of premises and businesses during the period of Covid-19 emergency; the power to issue directions relating to premises, events and public outdoor places in Brighton & Hove; the power to close premises and enforce the rules regarding provision of contact details and QR codes.


3.6         In addition, full Council agreed in October that if any new measures are introduced relating to Covid19, the Executive Director for Adult Social Care & Health be authorised to designate officers for the purposes of enforcement.


3.7         The new regulations: on 20th November 2020 the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government wrote to all Leaders and Chief Executives in Local Government to describe proposed new Covid19 enforcement legislation and guidance which was to be introduced from 2nd December 2020. On 30 November, the government made two regulations, the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (All Tiers) (England) Regulations 2020 (which introduced a three tier system of restrictions and the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restriction) (Local Authority Enforcement Power and Amendments) (England) Regulations 2020 authorising local authorities and others to undertake the enforcement.


3.8         The regulations were tabled in parliament on the day they were made and approved on Tuesday 1st December. They came into force on Wednesday 2nd December. The regulations specifying the tiers designated Brighton & Hove as a tier 2 authority, which means the restrictions summarised in Appendix 2 apply to the Councilís area. The full guidance can be accessed on Government Guidance.† The regulations introducing a the three tier system give officers designated by a local authority the power to issue a prohibition notice or a direction. The Enforcement regulations give local authorities a number of enforcement powers which include (a) Coronavirus Improvement Notices, (b) Coronavirus Immediate Restriction Notices, (c) Coronavirus Restriction Notices and (d) Fixed Penalty Notices.


3.9         Coronavirus Improvement Notices:


A local authority designated officer can issue an improvement notice requiring a person who they believe vis breaching or has breached one of the requirements of the legislation to stop the breach and ensure it is not repeated. The recipient of the notice can request a review. Failure to comply with an improvement notice could result in a fixed penalty notice or a Coronavirus Restriction Notice being issued.


3.10      Coronavirus Immediate Restriction Notice:


An Officer designated by the Council can issue a Coronavirus Immediate Restriction Notice on a person the officer believes is breaching, or has breached one of the statutory provisions set out I the regulations and there is a future risk of exposure to coronavirus. The notice is to require either closure or part closure of the premises and/or the breach to be stopped. The notice has effect for 48 hours. This notice is used where rapid action is needed to close premises without first issuing a Coronavirus Improvement Notice to reduce the spread of the virus. Failure to comply with the Coronavirus Immediate Restriction Notice can result in a fixed penalty notice of £4000 being issued. Which can be issued multiple times for each breach.


3.11 †† Coronavirus Restriction Notice.


The regulations enable a local authority designated officer to issue a Coronavirus Restriction Notice on a person the officer believes has not complied with a Coronavirus Improvement Notice and that non-compliance involves a risk of exposure to Covid-19. The notice is to require either closure or part closure of premises and/or the breach to be stopped. The notice has effect for 7 days. Failure to comply with a Coronavirus Restriction Notice can result in a fixed penalty notice of £4000 being issued, which can be issued multiple times for each breach


3.12. † Prosecutions and Appeals


The regulations provide that prosecutions may be brought by the local authority in the magistratesí court for offences under the regulations. They also provide that an appeal against a Coronavirus Improvement Notice, Coronavirus Immediate Restriction Notice or a Coronavirus Restriction Notice issued under the regulations made be made to the magistratesí court within 28 days of the notice being issued.


3.13      Requirement for proportionality


The enforcement actions listed above all require the officer undertaking the enforcement to be satisfied that the action is necessary and proportionate under the circumstances

3.14      In order to put the Council in a position to enforce the different measures, it is necessary to review the scheme of officer delegations so that appropriate authorisations and designations can take place.† A copy of proposed updated delegations to the Executive Director Health and Director Adult Social Care is attached at Appendix 1 for approval.


3.15      Given the frequency of legislative changes and the speed with which they are introduced, the approach adopted is to future proof the authorisations so that there is no need to amend them every time the regulations relating to enforcement are amended. Therefore, these updated delegations ensure all of the current and any future Covid19 Regulations are adequately covered for legal enforcement purposes. The delegations have been drafted as widely as possible to include Regulations already made and which may be made in the future under both the Public Health (Control of Diseases Act) 1984 and the Coronavirus Act 2020.


3.16      General Approach to enforcement


Formal enforcement, whether by serving notices, issuing fixed penalty notices or instituting prosecution is something used as a matter of last resort. Informing, encouraging and persuading people would normally be the preferred choice. But that may not be appropriate in all circumstances and the Council has to be prepared to use formal enforcement powers where they are necessary and proportionate. In the practical use of any powers, regard will be had to ensure that any action taken is consistent with the Councilís policies regarding inclusion and equalities.†††


Temporary Covid Information Officers


3.17      Temporary central government funding of approximately £154k has been awarded to the Council to help to ensure that the City follows Covid requirements. The funding is short term, until February 2021.


3.18      Four temporary Covid Information Officers will be appointed to focus on assisting businesses to comply with government Covid control guidelines. They will engage with places of employment including retail, office based, manufacturing, construction sites, those working in other peopleís homes and the hospitality sector to facilitate Covid safe places.


3.19      These officers will be recruited on an initial three-month basis to enable the service to be reviewed and adapted as required depending on the local and national Covid threat, infection levels and the local and national risk factors.


3.20      The team will work closely with the Public Health team to use national, local and global Covid infection intelligence and analysis to focus the service. It will devise and deliver targeted information and awareness campaigns with relevant stakeholders such as business sectors, associations and communities.


3.21      Where businesses do not follow the advice offered, these Information Officers will be providing reports, evidence and statements to relevant officers as detailed in paragraph 3.1 to take follow up action including enforcement action where appropriate.† Any subsequent proposed enforcement action will be reviewed to ensure that it is both proportionate and necessary and in line with our enforcement code.


3.22      These officers will undergo a mandatory two-day training course to ensure clarity and consistency in relation to their role.


3.23      The officers will not be authorised to undertake enforcement activity but will work with police and relevant officers as listed in 3.1 to assist and focus their enforcement. This is seen as a particularly important role in potentially busy footfall areas during the build up to Christmas.


3.24      A specific part of this service will operate to support police management of the night-time economy, using up to four licensed security staff. Again these officers will not be utilising any enforcement powers but instead will provide some additional capacity to support police colleagues on Friday and Saturday nights to ensure social distancing in the busiest areas of the night time economy.




4.1         The Council has the option of not using government funding to support officers being deployed, however, that is not considered appropriate in view of the need to ensure as much clarity and assistance for businesses and residents as possible regarding the relevant Covid19 compliance rules and how to follow them.




5.1         The proposals for a temporary information officer service have been discussed with the City Leadership Board. The Police are supportive of the use of the information officers, who they would like to link in with existing police briefings.





6. ††††††† CONCLUSION


6.1         The Council has the necessary constitutional and legal framework in place to ensure that any steps the Council takes or directions or notices it issues are taken by persons who are properly authorised. The time limited appointment of information officers will support the Council in providing sufficient information and clarity for businesses and residents to ensure compliance with the relevant Covid19 related legislation.




Financial Implications:


7.1         There are no additional financial implications as the temporary Covid information officers will be funded from the £0.154m Compliance & Enforcement Grant received from the MHCLG.  The proposed use and timescales of the funding are in accordance with the grant conditions.


††††††††††† Finance Officer Consulted:†††† Jeff Coates††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Date: 27.11.2020


Legal Implications:


7.2         Legal implications are addressed in the body of the report.


††††††††††† Lawyer Consulted: Elizabeth Culbert†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Date: 261120


††††††††††† Equalities Implications:


7.3         It is essential that any enforcement action taken does not have any conscious or unconscious discriminatory effect. The training to be delivered to the information officers will ensure that the Councilís public sector equality duties are complied with in the exercise of the function. Any subsequent enforcement action that may be taken by the Council will be reviewed by the Councilís regulatory services to ensure that it is proportionate and necessary and in line with the Councilís enforcement code.


7.4         The officers authorised to carry out enforcement action operate within the Councilí enforcement concordat, which includes provisions regarding equalities and inclusion. They are also usually experienced in statutory enforcement (such as Environment Health and Trading Standards Officers) and will have undertaken professional training as part of their mail role.


††††††††††† Sustainability implications


7.5††††† Sustainability implications have not been identified in relation to the recommendations in this report.


Supporting Documentation:


Appendix 1† † Updated Officer Delegations to Executive Direct Health and Adult Social Care.

Appendix 2† † Tier 2 restrictions