Version 1.4

First Approved January 2023

Last reviewed October 2023 *changes shown in red text.




Safer, Better Streets – Highway improvement Prioritisation



Purpose of Policy

To ensure that highway infrastructure relating to concerns around traffic speeding, traffic volumes and pedestrian crossings are provided based on impartially assessed demonstrated need.




  1. When a request for street improvement as a result of concerns about pedestrian safety, speeding traffic, volumes of traffic or general traffic related issues are received, an initial assessment will be undertaken to determine if the site meets the agreed pre-qualification criteria, as follows:


Pre-qualification criteria

Where a pedestrian or cyclist casualty has been recorded that site will be deemed to have met the criteria and will go on to be fully assessed. 

Where there is no relevant pedestrian or cyclist casualty record the most appropriate assessment will be undertaken from the list below;



Where the primary concern is:

·         Speed only requests: Lamp column mounted speed radar (‘Black Cats’) will be installed for approx. 7 days to get gather average and representative speed data for the location. Prior to installation, an in-person assessment of the site for suitability of the location and lamp column will be required. The average speed count will used to assess if it meets the pre-qualification criteria.

·         Inappropriate traffic volumes ‘rat running’: A 1 hour vehicle count will be undertaken (residential unclassified roads are suitable for this assessment only, officers will use their discretion on the assessment of locations if roads are not unclassified but residential)

·         Pedestrian crossings: 1-hour PV2 assessment at peak times.

·         For multi-faceted requests: officers will use their discretion to decide on the most appropriate metric to assess the issues of concern.


Only one pre-qualification assessment will be applied per site.


  1. All sites meeting the pre-qualification criteria set out in (1) will be assessed in detail and prioritised using an approved assessment procedure that considers factors such as pedestrian casualties, speed limits, severance, access to schools and existing conditions and Local, Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plan (LCWIP) priority. See table 1 below.


  1. The type of facility constructed will be determined by site assessment, bearing in mind the site characteristics including casualty history, vehicle speeds and difficulty of crossing, and designed in accordance with the latest Department for Transport guidance including LTN120.



note on PV2

PV2 gives an impartial measure of the need for a pedestrian improvement at any site by determining the number of vehicles and pedestrians using the area; it is nationally accepted and has been tried and tested over many years.  Using a pre-qualification criteria ensures that detailed assessment is only undertaken for those sites with a proven need and allows limited resources to be focused where they are most needed.



Before undertaking an assessment for speed, further investigations will be made to see if signs / lines, Mobile Vehicle Activated (MVAS) signs or other measures might be more appropriate. Speed cannot be assessed where requests relate to a junction.


Types of Improvements





















A diagram of a flowchart

Description automatically generatedSafer, Better Streets – Full Assessment Scoring Sheet





Improvements for Mobility Impaired Score 2 for crossings specifically requested to improve conditions for mobility impaired.



Routes to School-  
Score 3 for sites specifically identified as an issue with school related traffic.



Access to Public Transport 
Score 2 for sites which will improve access to public transport 
for example near to bus stop or train station.



Reduction of Severance
Score 2 for sites which reduce severance (e.g., to serve sole local store / shopping area or where a residential area is severed by a heavily trafficked A or B class road only.



Pedestrian & Cycle Collision
Score 3 for each fatality 
Score 2 for each serious
Score 1 for each slight casualty 



Other vehicle collisions * 
Score 3 for each fatality 
Score 2 for each serious casualty 
Score 1 for each slight casualty 



Road Width
Score 2 for roads over 9m
Score 1 for roads between 7 and 9m



Actual Speed

Score 3 for roads >20% than posted speed limit.

Score 2 for roads between 0-20% higher than posted speed limit.

*Night-time anti-social speeding will be reported to SSRP



Footpaths and Cycle Routes
Score 1 for sites which serve an existing designated cycling or walking route such as the National Cycle Network, bridle path or footpath.



Street Lighting
Score 1 for sites with no street lighting
Score 0.5 for sites with existing but sub-standard street lighting



Active Travel  
Score 1 for sites that will clearly improve active travel in an area, thereby resulting in additional pedestrian and cycle movements 



Score 1 for sites that will clearly improve the ‘walkability’ of an area, thereby resulting in additional pedestrian movements



Links to South Downs
Score 1 for sites that create a new link to the South Downs National Park



Average PV squared value (busiest four hours) Score equals average PV squared x 10 (e.g., PV2 of 0.25 becomes score of 2.5)



Reduce the impact of vehicles using inappropriate routes particularly on residential roads only applies to requests where there’s a rat running concern raised.  

Score 3 for excessive non-residential traffic in residential areas (over 250) peak time.

Score 2 for moderate traffic in residential areas (170 to 250) peak time.

Score 1 for light traffic in residential areas. (100 to 169) peak time



Identified as a Council priority route in LCWIP – Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plan (LCWIP) (

Score 3 if a priority strategic route or priority neighbourhood area. Score 2 if included in LCWIP but not a priority.



Overall Score



*Scores awarded subject to causation factors